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Script Database permission in execute mode in SQL Server



/*
This script will script the role members for all roles on the database.

This is useful for scripting permissions in a development environment before refreshing
development with a copy of production.  This will allow us to easily ensure
development permissions are not lost during a prod to dev restoration.
Author: S. Kusen
 */

DECLARE
    @sql VARCHAR(2048)
    ,@sort INT

DECLARE tmp CURSOR FOR


/*********************************************/
/*********   DB CONTEXT STATEMENT    *********/
/*********************************************/
SELECT '-- [-- DB CONTEXT --] --' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
1 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
UNION
SELECT 'USE' + SPACE(1) + QUOTENAME(DB_NAME()) AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
1.1 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]

UNION

SELECT '' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
2 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]

UNION

/*********************************************/
/*********     DB USER CREATION      *********/
/*********************************************/

SELECT '-- [-- DB USERS --] --' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
3 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
UNION
SELECT
CASE WHEN rm.authentication_type IN (2, 0) /* 2=contained database user with password, 0 =user without login; create users without logins*/ THEN ('IF NOT EXISTS (SELECT [name] FROM sys.database_principals WHERE [name] = ' + SPACE(1) + '''' + [name] + '''' + ') BEGIN CREATE USER ' + SPACE(1) + QUOTENAME([name]) + ' WITHOUT LOGIN WITH DEFAULT_SCHEMA = ' + QUOTENAME([default_schema_name]) + SPACE(1) + ', SID = ' + CONVERT(varchar(1000), sid) + SPACE(1) + ' END; ')
ELSE ('IF NOT EXISTS (SELECT [name] FROM sys.database_principals WHERE [name] = ' + SPACE(1) + '''' + [name] + '''' + ') BEGIN CREATE USER ' + SPACE(1) + QUOTENAME([name]) + ' FOR LOGIN ' + QUOTENAME(suser_sname([sid])) + ' WITH DEFAULT_SCHEMA = ' + QUOTENAME(ISNULL([default_schema_name], 'dbo')) + SPACE(1) + 'END; ')
END AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
3.1 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
FROM sys.database_principals AS rm
WHERE [type] IN ('U', 'S', 'G') -- windows users, sql users, windows groups

UNION

/*********************************************/
/*********    MAP ORPHANED USERS     *********/
/*********************************************/

SELECT '-- [-- ORPHANED USERS --] --' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
4 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
UNION
SELECT 'ALTER USER [' + rm.name + '] WITH LOGIN = [' + rm.name + ']',
4.1 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
FROM sys.database_principals AS rm  
 Inner JOIN sys.server_principals as sp
ON rm.name   = sp.name  and rm.sid  <> sp.sid
WHERE rm.[type] IN ('U', 'S', 'G')  -- windows users, sql users, windows groups
AND rm.name NOT IN ('dbo', 'guest', 'INFORMATION_SCHEMA', 'sys', 'MS_DataCollectorInternalUser')

UNION

/*********************************************/
/*********    DB ROLE PERMISSIONS    *********/
/*********************************************/
SELECT '-- [-- DB ROLES --] --' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
5 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
UNION
SELECT 'EXEC sp_addrolemember @rolename ='
+ SPACE(1) + QUOTENAME(USER_NAME(rm.role_principal_id), '''') + ', @membername =' + SPACE(1) + QUOTENAME(USER_NAME(rm.member_principal_id), '''') AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
5.1 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
FROM sys.database_role_members AS rm
WHERE USER_NAME(rm.member_principal_id) IN (
--get user names on the database
SELECT [name]
FROM sys.database_principals
WHERE [principal_id] > 4 -- 0 to 4 are system users/schemas
and [type] IN ('G', 'S', 'U') -- S = SQL user, U = Windows user, G = Windows group
)
--ORDER BY rm.role_principal_id ASC


UNION

SELECT '' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
7 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]

UNION

/*********************************************/
/*********  OBJECT LEVEL PERMISSIONS *********/
/*********************************************/
SELECT '-- [-- OBJECT LEVEL PERMISSIONS --] --' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
7.1 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
UNION
SELECT CASE
WHEN perm.state <> 'W' THEN perm.state_desc
ELSE 'GRANT'
END
+ SPACE(1) + perm.permission_name + SPACE(1) + 'ON ' + QUOTENAME(SCHEMA_NAME(obj.schema_id)) + '.' + QUOTENAME(obj.name) --select, execute, etc on specific objects
+ CASE
WHEN cl.column_id IS NULL THEN SPACE(0)
ELSE '(' + QUOTENAME(cl.name) + ')'
END
+ SPACE(1) + 'TO' + SPACE(1) + QUOTENAME(USER_NAME(usr.principal_id)) COLLATE database_default
+ CASE
WHEN perm.state <> 'W' THEN SPACE(0)
ELSE SPACE(1) + 'WITH GRANT OPTION'
END
AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
7.2 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
FROM
sys.database_permissions AS perm
INNER JOIN
sys.objects AS obj
ON perm.major_id = obj.[object_id]
INNER JOIN
sys.database_principals AS usr
ON perm.grantee_principal_id = usr.principal_id
LEFT JOIN
sys.columns AS cl
ON cl.column_id = perm.minor_id AND cl.[object_id] = perm.major_id
--WHERE usr.name = @OldUser
--ORDER BY perm.permission_name ASC, perm.state_desc ASC


UNION

/*********************************************/
/*********  TYPE LEVEL PERMISSIONS *********/
/*********************************************/
SELECT '-- [-- TYPE LEVEL PERMISSIONS --] --' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
        8 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
UNION
SELECT  CASE
            WHEN perm.state <> 'W' THEN perm.state_desc
            ELSE 'GRANT'
        END
        + SPACE(1) + perm.permission_name + SPACE(1) + 'ON ' + QUOTENAME(SCHEMA_NAME(tp.schema_id)) + '.' + QUOTENAME(tp.name) --select, execute, etc on specific objects
        + SPACE(1) + 'TO' + SPACE(1) + QUOTENAME(USER_NAME(usr.principal_id)) COLLATE database_default
        + CASE
                WHEN perm.state <> 'W' THEN SPACE(0)
                ELSE SPACE(1) + 'WITH GRANT OPTION'
          END
            AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
        8.1 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
FROM   
    sys.database_permissions AS perm
        INNER JOIN
    sys.types AS tp
            ON perm.major_id = tp.user_type_id
        INNER JOIN
    sys.database_principals AS usr
            ON perm.grantee_principal_id = usr.principal_id


UNION

SELECT '' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
9 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]

UNION

/*********************************************/
/*********    DB LEVEL PERMISSIONS   *********/
/*********************************************/
SELECT '-- [--DB LEVEL PERMISSIONS --] --' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
10 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
UNION
SELECT CASE
WHEN perm.state <> 'W' THEN perm.state_desc --W=Grant With Grant Option
ELSE 'GRANT'
END
+ SPACE(1) + perm.permission_name --CONNECT, etc
+ SPACE(1) + 'TO' + SPACE(1) + '[' + USER_NAME(usr.principal_id) + ']' COLLATE database_default --TO <user name>
+ CASE
WHEN perm.state <> 'W' THEN SPACE(0)
ELSE SPACE(1) + 'WITH GRANT OPTION'
 END
AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
10.1 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
FROM sys.database_permissions AS perm
INNER JOIN
sys.database_principals AS usr
ON perm.grantee_principal_id = usr.principal_id
--WHERE usr.name = @OldUser

WHERE [perm].[major_id] = 0
AND [usr].[principal_id] > 4 -- 0 to 4 are system users/schemas
AND [usr].[type] IN ('G', 'S', 'U') -- S = SQL user, U = Windows user, G = Windows group

UNION

SELECT '' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
11 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]

UNION

SELECT '-- [--DB LEVEL SCHEMA PERMISSIONS --] --' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
12 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
UNION
SELECT CASE
WHEN perm.state <> 'W' THEN perm.state_desc --W=Grant With Grant Option
ELSE 'GRANT'
END
+ SPACE(1) + perm.permission_name --CONNECT, etc
+ SPACE(1) + 'ON' + SPACE(1) + class_desc + '::' COLLATE database_default --TO <user name>
+ QUOTENAME(SCHEMA_NAME(major_id))
+ SPACE(1) + 'TO' + SPACE(1) + QUOTENAME(USER_NAME(grantee_principal_id)) COLLATE database_default
+ CASE
WHEN perm.state <> 'W' THEN SPACE(0)
ELSE SPACE(1) + 'WITH GRANT OPTION'
END
AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
12.1 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
from sys.database_permissions AS perm
inner join sys.schemas s
on perm.major_id = s.schema_id
inner join sys.database_principals dbprin
on perm.grantee_principal_id = dbprin.principal_id
WHERE class = 3 --class 3 = schema


ORDER BY [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]


OPEN tmp
FETCH NEXT FROM tmp INTO @sql, @sort
WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
BEGIN
        PRINT @sql
        FETCH NEXT FROM tmp INTO @sql, @sort   
END

CLOSE tmp
DEALLOCATE tmp




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