Certified Scrum Master Practice Questions - 3

These questions are collected from internet from different websites to help professionals  (Scrum masters) understand real time concerns with multiple options available during agile implementation.

Please read each question in detail and understand the responsibilities and out of scope task for scrum master.

Certified Scrum Master Practice Questions - 1
Certified Scrum Master Practice Questions - 2
Certified Scrum Master Practice Questions - 3

1. If a Team determines that it has over-committed itself for a Sprint, who should be present when reviewing and adjusting the Sprint goal and work?  

A) Product Owner, ScrumMaster, and Team
B) Product Owner and Stakeholders
C) Team
D) ScrumMaster, Project Manager, and Team

2. Which of the following is the BEST option for an overworked Product Owner?

A) Limit the amount of time the Product Owner spends with the Scrum Team.
B) Ask the Project Manager to pick up some of the Product Owner's responsibilities.
C) Split the Product Owner role and distribute the duties among more people.
D) Free the Product Owner from other responsibilities.

3. What is the approach that Scrum encourages when a Team determines it will be difficult to deliver any value by the end of a Sprint?  

A) Extend the Sprint by a few days to accommodate the extra work.
B) Immediately escalate to Senior Management.
C) Suggest the Product Owner abnormally terminate the Sprint.
D) Together with the Product Owner, focus on what can be done and identify a way to deliver something valuable at the end of each Sprint.

4. Which statement is accurate about the role of the Product Owner during the Daily Scrum?

A) The Product Owner’s participation is defined by the Team.
B) The Product Owner ensures the Burndown rate is maintained at the estimated rate.
C) The Product Owner outlines the additional changes that must be absorbed by the Team in the Sprint.
D) The Product Owner provides instruction to the Team on how to implement a workable solution.

5. A Product Owner might attend the Daily Scrum to..

A) comment on the Team's progress
B) tell the Team which tasks to work on next and update the Product Backlog
C) make sure the Team is still on target for its Sprint goals
D) see the progress being made and determine whether the Team needs help 

6. Geographically dispersed teams usually... 

A) outperform co-located teams because of reduced costs.
B) are not permitted in Scrum.
C) do not perform as well as co-located teams.  
D) perform just as well as co-located teams given the right tools.

7. How often should the Scrum Development Team normally accept changes in their goals?

A) At least once a day.
B) Each release cycle.
C) Every Sprint.
D) Once, at product kickoff.

8. Scrum is intended for work...

A) with somewhat unknown requirements and technological challenges. 
B) that has a high degree of certainty.
C) when there is a tight deadline.
D) that is simple.

9. In Scrum, who manages the Team Members? 

A) Their functional managers
B) The Scrum Development Team  
C) A team lead
D) The ScrumMaster

10. Every sprint...

A) is focused on delivering artifacts for the current phase.
B) is either a development sprint or a research sprint.
C) contains a mix of activities. 
D) works like a mini-waterfall

11. How much time should be allocated between Sprints for bug fixing, system testing, etc.?

A) No more than 5 days.
B) There is no time “between” Sprints.
C) It depends on team velocity.
D) At least 1 full day.

12. What is the longest allowable time-box for a Sprint? 

A) Up to six (6) weeks.
B) As long as necessary to meet Sprint commitments.
C) One (1) day, starting with a "daily Scrum".
D) 30 days at most, preferably shorter. 

13. When is a Product Backlog Item considered complete?

A) Once all tasks in the Sprint Backlog are completed.
B) When QA reports that it passes all acceptance criteria.
C) When the timebox expires.
D) When it meets the agreed upon definition of “done”.

14. The Product Backlog is...  

A) arranged by relative size, with large risky items at the top.
B) grouped into sections P1 through P5, representing priority.
C) a one-dimensional list in priority order. 
D) randomly arranged.

15. Which of the following is usually true when organizations change or only partly implement Scrum’s rules?

A) The gap between current practices and prescribed practices is a measure of incompetence and competitive risk. 
B) They are acting in the adaptable spirit of the Agile Manifesto.
C) The nature of real projects prevents strict adherence to the Scrum framework.
D) The organization is faced with a unique situation.

16. The Product Backlog should be re-prioritized... 

A) when stakeholders approve a change order.
B) only as a last resort when things go wrong.
C) continually throughout the project. 
D) during release planning and then locked down.

17. Does the Agile manifesto place any value on planning? 

A) Yes, and it values responding to change even more.
B) Yes, an Agile method is an efficient plan-driven approach.
C) No, traditional planning is replaced by the Sprint Burndown Chart.
D) No, planning has no value at all in an Agile approach.

18. Changing or removing Scrum rules to fit an organization

A) is the main activity of the first Sprint.
B) is best done with coaching from an experienced ScrumMaster.
C) usually ignores the real problems. 
D) is done by the Scrum Transition Team during rollout.

19. Agile approaches involve both business people and developers...

A) in an ongoing dialogue throughout the project. 
B) at the kickoff meeting and the final review.
C) during the preliminary phases of development.
D) in the release planning meeting.

20. What does a Scrum Team attempt to do during the first Sprint? 

A) Create a potentially-shippable product increment. 
B) Build a sellable product.
C) Develop the preliminary Product Backlog.
D) Focus on requirements analysis, architecture, and infrastructure.

20. Scrum is a...  

A) defined process that prescribes what to do in any situation.
B) lightweight approach that does not disrupt an organization's current habits.
C) predictive process that fits easily with traditional project management.
D) framework for learning about products and processes. 

21. Who prioritizes the Product Backlog? 

A) Stakeholders, with help from the ScrumMaster.
B) A senior functional manager.
C) The ScrumMaster, with input from Team Members.
D) The Product Owner.

22. How many items at the top of the Product Backlog should a team be able to complete in a single Sprint?  

A) Only 1
B) No more than 3.
C) It depends on team size.
D) Ideally around 4 or 5. 

23. Effective Agile leaders (including functional managers)... 

A) monitor each team’s Daily Scrum and reward high performers.
B) coordinate activities between Scrum teams.
C) help resolve team-reported impediments. 
D) watch for low performers and remove them.

24. When does a Sprint end?  

A) When all tasks are finished.
B) It varies from Sprint to Sprint.
C) When the time-box expires. 
D) When all committed items are accepted.

25. Which tasks should you defer until the end of a project? 

A) Legal or regulatory compliance audits.
B) Final integration.
C) User acceptance testing
D) None of the above.

26. A skilled ScrumMaster focuses on... 

A) enabling learning.
B) maximizing efficiency.
C) basic mechanics.
D) managing the team.

27. How do Scrum Teams handle changing requirements during a Sprint?  

A) A senior team member adds them to the Product Backlog based on technical feasibility.
B) The ScrumMaster puts them at the bottom of the Sprint Backlog.
C) The team asks the stakeholder making the request to schedule a change control meeting.
D) The Product Owner adds them wherever he wants on the Product Backlog.

28. What is the recommended size for a Scrum Development Team?  

A) All the people required to do all the work.
B) Roughly the size of an extended family group (5 to 9 people). 
C) 1 business analyst, 2 developers, 2 QA and the tech lead.
D) It doesn't matter, as long as the team is cross functional.

29. The Release Burndown should be updated... 

A) Once a Sprint 
B) Each week
C) After every release
D) every day

30.  Who is responsible for turning Product Backlog Items into functional product increments? 

A) Everyone within the Project
B) ScrumMaster
C) Scrum Development Team 
D) Product Owner

31. What happens any time the Product Owner identifies a new, high priority Product Backlog item (PBI) ?  

A) The ScrumMaster encourages the Scrum Development Team to include the extra item in the current sprint.
B) The Scrum Development Team works overtime to finish the new PBI in the current Sprint.
C) The Product Owner adds the new PBI to the Product Backlog.
D) The Scrum Development Team extends the Sprint duration to include the new item.

32. Which of the following is a Product Owner responsibility? 

A) Optimizing the business value of the work 
B) Keeping stakeholders from distracting the Team
C) Managing the project and ensuring that the work meets the commitments to the stakeholders
D) Directing the Team’s daily activities

33. When information is incomplete and the Scrum Development Team is blocked, what should happen FIRST?  

A) The team must cancel the Sprint.
B) An impediment must be created, and the team must actively attempt to remove it.
C) The ScrumMaster should facilitate focusing on what can be accomplished. 
D) The Sprint Burndown chart should not be updated until a decision is reached.

34. According to Scrum, who hires new Team Members? 

A) This is outside of the scope of Scrum. 
B) ScrumMaster
C) The self-managing Scrum Development Team
D) Product Owner

35. When are Stakeholders allowed to talk in the Sprint Review?  

A) There is a timebox at the end of the Sprint for questions.
B) They can talk anytime, as it is an informal meeting used to invite discussion. 
C) They are not allowed to talk during the meeting since the focus is on Team progress.
D) They will channel their comments and questions through the Product Owner who will represent the Stakeholders.

36. What does the Product Owner do during a Sprint?

A) Protects the Team and the process
B) Clarifies requirements and answers questions  
C) Intervenes when required to make sure the pace of work is sustainable
D) Guides the Team in its work

37. Once a Scrum Development Team starts a Sprint, who determines how they do the work?

A) ScrumMaster
B) Scrum Development Team 
C) Team lead
D) Project Manager

38. Which of the following is valued more according to the Agile Manifesto? 

A) Control and management
B) Processes and tools
C) Documentation and planning
D) People and how they communicate 

39. Should the Product Owner and the ScrumMaster be the same person?  

A) No. It would take too much of one person’s time.
B) Yes, if the person has the authority and empowerment to do both things.
C) No. The person would have too much power and it would create confusion. 
D) Yes, as long as the person can balance both responsibilities with care.

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